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Home » Places to See in Delhi
Places to See in Delhi
One of Delhi’s most famous historical monuments, Red fort or “Lal Quila” is made in red sandstone and is a seemingly eternal witness to the Mughal splendour and extravagance. It was built by Shah Jahan, the 5th in the line of Mughals. He called the Red Fort in Delhi - the Urdu - I- Mohalla or the Quila - I- Mohalla i.e. the ‘fort of exalted dignity’
The fort covers a semi-octagonal area of about 2km, its longest walls facing the town in the west and the River Yamuna in the east. Completed in 1648, it contains halls of private and public audience called Diwan-i-Khas and Diwan-i-Am respectively, domed and arched marble palaces, lavish private apartments, a mosque, and highly designed gardens. Diwan-i-Khas is made of marble and its crowning glory used to be the Peacock Throne, which was carried away to Iran by the Persian invader Nadir Shah in 1739.
Each night a Sound and Light show takes place in the Red Fort. The palaces are gorgeously lit with a historical commentary on the aspects of Mughal India. Among the places of interest within the Red Fort that deserve a special mention are the Chatta Chowk, Naubat Khana, Diwan-I-Khas, Diwan-I-Am and the exotic Rang Mahal that was constructed especially for the ladies of the royal home. Shahjahan started construction of this massive fort in 1638. Though the fort was completed in 1648, he never really moved his capital to Delhi as he was kept in confinement by his son Aurangzeb. The fort extends for 2km and the walls are 18m high on the riverside and 33m high on the city side. The main entrance to the fort is through the Lahore gate on the West. You will enter to a covered market known as Chatti Chowk that was once Meena Bazaar, the shopping center for the ladies of the court.
Lotus Temple (Bahai Temple)
A temple built to worship god irrespective of caste, creed, race, religion or nation. This gleaming lotus like marble structure is located on Baharpur Hills. Visitors are bound to keep silence inside the temple premises. The temple is a must visit for every tourist who comes to Delhi.
In this museum one can trace the history of the Indian Airforce. Located near the Indira Gandhi Domestic Airport, it is the perfect place one can spend one's time while waiting for the flight.
This massive 42m tall structure was built as a memorial to the 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives in World War I. The structure has names of soldiers engraved allover it. An eternal flame burns here in commemoration of the unknown soldiers.
Shahjahan built this mosque in 1658. Situated near the red fort in old Delhi, Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India with a seating capacity of more than 20,000 people. This mosque with bulbous domes and tapering minarets those were built with marble and slate is an architectural beauty.
Located near the junction of Parliament Street and Connaught Circus, with huge concrete astronomical "instruments", this observatory of Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur was used to plot the courses of heavenly bodies and predict eclipses. The observatory has a huge sundial and the observatory was built in 1725.
Purana Quila (Old Fort)
This is the sixth city of Delhi. Located south east of India Gate, it is one of the most prominent monuments in Delhi. Humayun started the fort's construction. But Sher Shah, who drove him out from Delhi, completed the city during his reign (1538-1545). The massive walls and huge gates were constructed by Humayun. The octagonal Sher Mandal and the Quila-i-Koran Masjid were built by Sher Shah.
Buddha Jayanti Park
Laid out to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of Lord Buddha's attainment of Nirvana, the garden provides an atmosphere of peace and tranquility. The park has a Bodhi tree that is a sapling of the original enlightenment tree.
Renowned Cartoonist Shankar started the museum as a personal collection. Now it has a collection of more than 6000 dolls from allover the world.
Haji Begum, the senior wife of emperor Humayun built this mausoleum in mid 16th century. The tomb is situated amidst avenues of trees, watercourses and flowerbeds. A magnificent example of refined early Mughal architecture, the structure harmoniously blends with the nature.
Indira Gandhi Memorial
No.1, Safdurjung Road is where Indira Gandhi lived and died. It is from where she ruled India for decades. The modestly furnished rooms and the books, letters, photographs and paintings on display provide a fascinating insight to the private life of Indira Gandhi.
Built in 1938 by the prominent Indian Industrialist R. B. Birla and inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi, the temple has a large number of idols representing various gods of Indian pantheon. The temple is located in Mandir Marg and the main deities are Lord Narayan (Lord Vishnu) and Goddess Lakshmi, his consort.
These beautiful gardens have majestic domed tombs of many Sayyed and Lodi sultans. These well kept gardens with fountains, ponds, flowering trees, blossoming shrubs and bushes are ideal places for joggers and those who seek solitude.
It is a part of Rashtrapati Bhawan Estate where the President hosts tea parties for visiting dignitaries. The garden is laid out with velvet lawns, terraces, flowerbeds and fountains. The garden is open to the public in February and March.
National Gallery of Modern Art
The gallery has an excellent collection of nearly 4000 paintings and sculptures belonging to the School of Modern Art. Notable exhibits among are the works of Daniels, E. B. Havell, Janini Roy and Ravindra Nath Tagore.
The museum has a collection of artistic treasures of India and Central Asia. Established in 1950, the museum's collection is enriched by selective exhibits from state museums and private collectors. The museum displays prehistoric exhibits, medieval art pieces, manuscripts, miniature paintings, Indian costumes, Indian musical instruments etc.
The National Samadhi
Along the banks of River Yamuna, near Raj Ghat are the burial places of Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi.
Nehru Museum and Planetarium
Teen Murti Bhawan, the residence of India's first Prime Minister, has been converted into a museum. Photograph, newspaper clippings etc. on display throw light into the history of India's independent movement. There is a planetarium in the grounds of Teen Murti Bhawan.
One of the finest in Asia, the zoo spreads over 214 acres. The zoo was designed as an open plan where the wildlife enjoys a natural habitat. More than 2000 animals, birds and reptiles from different countries are homed here.
This massive domed structure is almost one kilometer in circumference. The building houses both Lok Sabha (The Lower House) and Rajya Sabha (The Upper House). Tourist can gain access by obtaining a special pass.
The museum has exhibits those show the 140 years old history of Indian Railway. Situated near the diplomatic enclave, the museum is the first of its kind in India.
The Samadhi where the mortal remains of Mahatma Gandhi were cremated. The Samadhi is amidst a garden with lawns and fountains.
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